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由用户自行定义的异常类处理

代码

# encoding = UTF-8
# 用户自己引发异常

class ShortInputException(Exception):
    '''一个由用户定义的异常类'''

    def __init__(self, length, atleast):
        Exception.__init__(self)
        self.length = length
        self.atleast = atleast


try:
    text = input('Enter someting -->')
    if len(text) < 3:
        raise ShortInputException(len(text), 3)
    # 其他工作能够在此处正常运行
except EOFError:
    print('Why did you do an EOF on me?')
except ShortInputException as ex:
    print(('ShortInputException: The input was ' +
           '{0} long,expected at least {1}')
          .format(ex.length, ex.atleast))
else:
    print('No exception was raised.')

运行结果

1.如果输入超过了3位数,截获错误

Enter someting -->88888
No exception was raised.

2.如果输入没有超过3位数

Enter someting -->12
ShortInputException: The input was 2 long,expected at least 3



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